Sa Isyu pa rin ng Bangsamoro Basic Law…hantad na ang kuwestiyon sa papel ng Malaysia

Sa Isyu pa rin Bangsamoro Basic Law

…hantad na ang kuwestiyon sa papel ng Malaysia

Ni Apolinario Villalobos

Noon pa man ay nagtaka na ako kung bakit kinuha ng gobyerno ang Malaysia bilang “third party” o mediator sa usaping BBL, ganoong napakaliwanag ng mga sumusunod na dahilan kung bakit hindi dapat:

  • May pinagtatalunang kaso ang Pilipinas at Malaysia tungkol sa pagmamay-ari ng Sabah, at tulad ng China gumamit din ng ampaw na historical facts ang Malaysia. Tulad ng China, ayaw din ng Malaysia na may mamagitang international court sa usapin.
  • Kalat sa internet ang sinabi ni Iqbal na ang orihinal na biyahe dapat noon ni Ninoy Aquino ay papunta muna sa Malaysia kung saan ay magkikita sila, hindi diretso sa Maynila kung saan siya ay pinatay. Kung sa Malaysia siya nakarating, malamang na kinanlong siya ng Malaysian government na galit kay Ferdinand Marcos na siyang may ideya ng pag-agaw sa Sabah gamit ang mga recruits na sinanay sa Corregidor at kalaunan ay na-massacre, at tinaguriang “Jabidah massacre”. Ang nagbulgar ng planong pagbawi ng Pilipinas mula sa Malaysia ay si Ninoy Aquino na noon ay senador. Ang pagbulgar na ito ang dahilan ng “Jabidah Massacre”. Kung hindi ito binulgar ni Ninoy, malamang ay nabawi na ng Pilipinas ang Sabah.
  • Binulgar ni Nur Misuari ng MNLF na sinusupurtahan sila ng Malaysia sa layunin nilang ihiwalay ang Mindanao sa Pilipinas na hanggang ngayon ay adhikain nila. Kaya, personal akong nagulat nang malaman kong ang orihinal na BBL ay tila patungo sa pagiging hiwalay na estado. Kapag nagkaganoon ay madali na ring isama sa federation ng Malaysia ang Mindanao kung sakali. Kung hindi man maisama ay maaaring mas malaki ang magiging pakikipagtulungan ng hiwalay na Mindanao sa Malaysia dahil sa magkaparehong kultura at relihiyon ng dalawa. Ang malaking isyu sa Mindanao ay ang hindi matawarang likas na yaman nito na hindi pa “nailalabas”. Sa kabila ng yamang ito, naghihirap pa rin ang mga Muslim sa Mindanao, na ginamit na malaking dahilan upang magkaroon ng Bangsamoro. Lumalabas na napapabayaan ng central government ng Pilipinas ang Mindanao.

Nang banggitin ko sa mga isinulat ko noon ang banta ng Malaysia sa BBL, tahimik ang Senado at nagkaroon na ng seremonya sa pag-apruba ng BBL “in principle”. Tahimik ang lahat, subalit  dahil malapit na ang eleksiyon, nabanggit na ito ni senador Marcos, lalo na ang tungkol sa Malaysia…. at marami na rin ang nakikisawsaw!

“Reconciliation Program” ni Cory Aquino…”ina” ng kaguluhan sa Mindanao dahil sa BBL o BL-BAR

“Reconciliation Program” ni Cory Aquino
…”ina” ng kaguluhan sa Mindanao dahil sa BBL o BL-BAR
Ni Apolinario Villalobos

Kung hindi pinauwi ni Cory Aquino si Nur Misuari, dahil nagpakitang gilas siya bilang isang “mabait” na bagong pangulo ng Pilipinas pagkatapos mapatalsik si Ferdinand Marcos, hindi sana nagkagulo ang Mindanao sa isyu ng BBL o BL-BAR. Nananahimik na sana si Misuari sa Libya dahil napalayas na ni Marcos subalit pumasok sa eksena si Cory, na masyadong bilib sa sarili na kaya niyang pag-isahin ang bansa “in the name of reconciliation”, subalit pumalpak din dahil sa halip na mawala ang mga korap, lalo pang dumami ang bilang dahil nadagdagan ang mga dati nang nagpalit lang ng kulay, mula sa pula, na naging dilaw. Lalong nagulo ang Pilipinas!

Halos nananahimik na ang Mindanao dahil noong panahon ni Marcos, kahit papaano ay nakontrol ang galaw ng mga rebeldeng Muslim na noon ay MNLF pa lang, maliban sa mga bandidong Abu Sayyaf. Kasama si Fidel Ramos sa delegasyon na “nakiusap” kay Misuari na umuwi na upang “makipagtulungan” sa bagong pamahalaan. Nang makauwi na si Misuari, may mga nag-iyakan pa sa grupo ng mga sumalubong, kodakan pati sa UP Diliman, etc. “Hero” ang tingin nila sa taong gustong ihiwalay ang Mindanao sa Pilipinas!

Tatahi-tahimik lang si Iqbal noon nang nagkaroon ng Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) na halatang itinatag para kay Misuari dahil may eleksiyon nga, nagkaroon naman daw ng dayaan upang lumabas na siya ang nanalo bilang hepe ng rehiyon.

Nang ma-audit ang ARMM, lumabas na palpak ang pamumuno ni Misuari dahil wala naman itong na-accomplish, at ang perang ibinuhos sa rehiyon para sa development nito ay hindi na mahanap. Napansin siguro ni Misuari ang kahinaan ng gobyerno dahil hindi naman siya nakasuhan, kahit may audit report na, kaya lalo pa niyang pinaigting ang adbokasiya niyang magkaroon ng “Mindanao Republik”. Ang bandila ng “republik” na ito ang gusto sanang iwagayway ng MNLF sa Zamboanga, na humantong sa giyera noon. At, hanggang ngayon, marami pa ring mga taga-roon ang hindi naka-recover.

Nagkaroon ng pagkakataon si Iqbal na kontrahin si Misuari dahil ang gusto lamang daw niya (Iqbal) ay “autonomous” region pa rin, subalit iba na ang pangalan – Bangsamoro, kaya humiwalay siya sa MNLF at itinatag ang MILF. Dahil lalong hindi nagkaunawaan sa hanay ng mga rebelde, nagkaroon ng isa pang grupo, ang BIFF naman. Dito na pumasok sa eksena ang grupo ng mga “matatalinong” kinatawan ng gobyerno upang makipag-usap sa MILF lamang. Subalit, sa halip na ipaglaban ang sovereignty ng bansa ay tumango na lang nang tumango sa gusto ng grupo ni Iqbal. Dahil diyan, sa unang round ng drafting pa lang ng BBL o BL-BAR ay sumablay na sila. Dahil bilib ang pamahalaan kay Atty. Marvic Leonen, ang unang namuno ng mga kinatawan ng gobyerno, naitalaga siya bilang isa sa mga associate justices ng Supreme Court.

Lalong pumalpak ang usapan sa BBL nang pumasok sa eksena ang propesora ng UP, si ginang Ferrer at naging ka-tandem ni ginang Deles. Sa halip na ipaglaban ang pagkakaisa ng Pilipinas, pinalusot nila ang mga ideyang gusto ng grupo ni Iqbal. Lumalabas na parang sila pa ang mga tagapasalita ng MILF, dahil ipinaglaban nila ang mga nilalaman ng BBL o BL-BAR na taliwas sa mga provision ng Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas. Pinagkunwari ang BBL na rehiyon lamang, subalit ang mga provision nito ay tumatahak sa landas patungo sa pagiging isang malayang estado, na hindi rin pala iba sa gusto ni Misuari! Mabuti na lang nabisto agad ng mga senador, kaya naharang. Subalit sa kongreso, ang draft ay naipasa dahil karamihan sa mga miyembro nito ay mga alaga ni Pnoy. Desperado si Pnoy na mai-announce niya sa nalalapit na SONA ang pagkapasa nito sa ilalim ng kanyang administrasyon….sana. At, masabi man lang na accomplishment bilang pangulo ng bansa….nagkamali siya.

Ngayon hindi pa rin nahuhuli o hinuhuli(?) si Misuari dahil sa ginawa ng MNLF sa Zamboanga. Samantala, lumutang ang “bagong Chairman” daw ng grupo na si Datu Abdul Khayr D. Alonto at matapat na nagsalita tungkol sa mga layunin ng MNLF tungkol sa Mindanao, na sumesentro pa rin sa pagiging isang hiwalay na estado. Ang nakapagtataka lang ay…kung ang grupo ni Alonto ay “hiwalay” na faction sa grupo ni Misuari, bakit ganoon pa rin ang isinusulong nila? Ibig bang sabihin ay pakitang-tao lang ang pagsabi nila na hindi na nila kinikilala ang faction ni Misuari? Hanggang kaylan ang mga ganitong drama sa Mindanao? Pati tuloy ang layunin ng MILF ay pinagdududahan na rin.

Sa masinsinang pagsusuri, masasabing sinimulan ni Cory Aquino ang “reconciliation” na hindi naman pala niya kayang kontrolin kaya naabuso…nagkaanak ng BBL o BL-BAR…at ang anak na ito ay lumaking suwail sa panahon naman ng anak ni Cory na si Pnoy. Animo ito ay isang vicious cycle na binuksan ni Cory at isinara ni Pnoy…ngayon nasa loob nito ang Pilipinas – nakakulong, at nasa bingit ng pagkakawatak-watak!

Parang gusto ko tuloy isipin na kung noon ay may tinatawag na “conjugal corruption”, ngayon ay meron namang “familial imprudence”. Sarili kong pananaw lang iyan…

Is the BBL Intent made clear by the MNLF “story” of a Bangsamoro Republik?

Is the BBL Intent Made Clear
by the MNLF “story” of a Bangsamoro Republik?
By Apolinario Villalobos

Ever since MILF came out with its BBL proposal that shall pave the ground for the establishment of the Bangsamoro, some Filipinos did not believe its sincerity as for them, the MNLF and BIFF are not really excluded from the picture. For the suspicious, even the death of the bomb maker, Basit Usman was caused only by a petty misunderstanding between the low-ranking members of the MILF and his (Usman) party that led to provocation and later, the deadly altercation. As for the MNLF, some parties believe that it has a mutual understanding with MILF that stands until the passing of the unrevised BBL. Fortunately, lawmakers discovered that some of BBL’s provisions are leading towards the establishment of a separate state.

When the delay for the passing of the BBL was delayed, there was an immediate reaction from the MNLF. Even Malaysia was alarmed, a questionable reaction as it was just expected to be an observer…and the only one that reacted. The delay is in view of the government’s intention to ensure that the BBL will maintain the status of Bangsamoro as an integral part of the country. Malaysia even warned of trouble, an uncalled for remark….but why? What is its interest in the ongoing process?

Now, the MNLF is saying that its plan is to establish a Bangsamoro Republik that would include the whole of Mindanao, Sulu and Tawi-tawi islands, Palawan, Sarawak and Sabah, with Malaysia, supposedly behind this effort. Is this the reason why the Sulu sultanate is not supportive of BBL? Why did MNLF come out with such statement only now when there is a problem with the passing of the BBL? Is this not a ploy to force the lawmakers to double time the passing of the BBL, so that they can proceed to the next stage which is the compromise between the MILF, MNLF, and BIFF for the eventual establishment of the republic, a feat which will not require much sweat as the Bangsamoro of MILF, based on the unrevised BBL is a virtual separate state, so leaders can do as they wish? Meanwhile, the BIFF may come in as the republic’s military arm.

If the Bangsamoro Republik will push through, it can easily join Malaysia’s federation as a federal state.

Ethnically, the light-skinned Filipinos without trace of white people’s blood, can trace their ancestry to the Malays. Though disputed, the story of the Ten Bornean Datus who came to the shores of the Philippines to escape the tyranny of their sultan, Makatunaw, tells some. The ten Bornean datus purportedly first landed in the Visayas, particularly Panay, and negotiated with Marikudo, the chieftain of the black-skinned pygmies locally called “ati”, for the purchase of land which they successfully did using a “sadok” (hat) made of gold for the chieftain and a long necklace of gold for his wife, Maniwantiwan or Maniwangtiwang. In another legend, the payment included a basin of gold. From Panay island, some datus sailed down to Mindanao, and some to Luzon where they settled. That is why when the Spaniards came, they found settlements of Mohammedans in Manila and some islands ruled by the “lakans” and “datus”.

As regards Mindanao, briefly, this is how its Islamization and peopling by those from Malaysia, came about: In 1380, Islam was introduced in Sulu via Malacca, by Mudum (Makdum?); followed by Rajah Baginda of Menangkabaw, Sumatra in 1390; and further, followed by Abu Bakr (Bakar) who left Palembang for Sulu in 1450 and married Rajah Baginda’s daughter, Paramisuli. On mainland Mindanao, Serif (Sharif) Kabungsuan, arrived from Johore and also laid down the foundation of Islam. He eventually became the first Sultan of Mindanao, from where, it rapidly spread to Visayas and Luzon. The arrival of the Spaniards made the Muslims retreat to the hinterlands. Their presence in Luzon was confirmed by the Spaniards who called them “Moros” which was intentionally used for its bad repute, but later cleansed by Filipino Muslims with much effort and success.

Another group of settlers, known as Orang Dampuans, came to Mindanao from the south of Annam with the sole purpose of establishing a trading post. The Sulu people when they came were then, called Buranun. The Orang Dampuans were followed by the traders from Banjarmasin and Brunei, important states of the Sri Vijaya Empire. The people of Banjarmasin were called Banjar who brought their beautiful princess to Sulu, and was offered for marriage to the Buranun ruler. With the marriage, Sulu came under the influence of Banjarmasin and from the union, came the rulers of Sulu.

As gleaned from the pages of history, there was a two-pronged movement of people from the Malaysian archipelago, with one that settled first in Panay, in the central Philippines, from where they spread to other islands, and with the massive one that also introduced Islam, that settled first in Sulu and mainland Mindanao, and eventually spread to Visayas and Luzon, until the arrival of the colonizing Spaniards.

The conversion of the majority of Filipinos into Christianity by the colonizing Spaniards made the archipelago “the only Christian-dominated” country in Asia. Unfortunately, despite such spiritual status, many if not most of its officials, do not live up to it, as they proved to be corrupt which is very un-Christian.

On the other hand, Malaysia has a lot to explain if indeed, what the MNLF claims is true. It will come out that they betrayed the trust of the Philippine government when it was asked to sit as observer in its negotiation with MILF. The betrayal is in their cuddling of Nur Misuari and his Bangsamoro Republik advocacy, all the while, that the peace process is going on. Malaysia should vehemently deny it publicly if only to prove that it can still be trusted by the Philippine government. Its silence could mean something which may have a negative implication.

If the people of the whole of Mindanao and Palawan will be made to understand the whole situation that leans heavily on ethnic history of the country, a lot of patience is needed as Christianity has been deeply imbedded in their heart and mind. If the Bangsamoro Republik will materialiaze, definitely, those who live within the territory will no longer be called“Filipino” but “Moro”, as the state will be called “Bangsamoro” or “land of the Moro”.

On solid lands where states or countries are situated, thin demarcation lines that indicate territorial boundary separate them from each other, guarded by foot patrols. If the Bangsamoro Republic materializes, Mindanao and Palawan will be separated from Luzon and Visayas by significantly wide body of water and channels.

The Philippines as an archipelago is “united” by the commercial airlines and roll on-roll off ferries, but not well secured because of the inadequate navy and military facilities. These security contingents use second hand equipment, which are either purchased at bargain prices using measly budget provided by the government or donated by sympathizing countries. And, even the purchases were not spared by evil minded officials as they reeked of corruption. The negligence and corruption in the Philippine government in this regard have caused the immense suffering of the Filipinos in general.

Finally, I do not think the zealous Muslim Filipinos would have thought of the separation, if only the Philippine government has been fair to all the citizens. Corrupt Muslim government officials, on the other hand, should not be blamed solely for their neglect of Mindanao, as the same neglect is also prevalent in the Visayas and Luzon regions, committed by Christian officials. In other words, corruption is prevalent in the whole system of the Philippine republic. And there are even more of these corrupt Christian officials in the central government, so these hypocrite better stop their finger pointing while the innocent ordinary Filipinos, both Muslims and Chrisitians, are left desperately apprehensive, confused, and helpless, as their beloved country is at the verge of being dissected!

After Zamboanga, what’s next?

After Zamboanga, what’s next?

By Apolinario Villalobos

 

Many observers say that, had the MNLF-Misuari faction not attempt to raise their flag at the Zamboanga capitol, there could have been no bloodshed. That, had they just went on with the allegedly planned rally, there could have been no gunshots. But who instigated it? The rest of the factions of the MNLF washed their hands, then later, Misuari himself, did the same, while pointing at Malik, the commander as the instigator. Now, Senator Miriam Santiago is saying that Enrile funded the group in an attempt to divert the attention of the nation from the hotly monitored Napoles/pork barrel issue. According to Defensor, Enrile is the most and obviously guilty, being a beneficiary himself of the pork scam, aside from being the Senate president during the period of commission. But, that’s jumping to the conclusive stage. We should look beyond Zamboanga and in doing so there are situations in the past that need to be pondered on:

 

1. Quoting a passage from the September 23, 1996 issue of Time Magazine, “…by 1521, Islam had made its way up the rivers of Mindanao and even established a beachhead as far north as Manila when Magellan crossed the Pacific and claimed the Philippines for Spain. The conquerors were aghast to find Muslims, promptly dubbed Moros after the Moors who had recently been evicted from Spain.  A campaign to crush the faith, to “Hispanize” the sultanates of Sulu and Maguindanao, launched a conflict that has lasted more than 400 years”, but failed.

 

2. When the Spaniards came to Mindanao, they found the Muslims already with highly developed  society trading with neighboring sultanates, and living in accordance with the Koran. Sulu was already a bustling trading post in that particular area of the Asian region.

 

3. Although, there are structures in Mindanao pointing to the occupation of some areas by the Spaniards, such as Zamboanga and Dapitan on the western coast,  they never subjugated the whole of Moroland, particularly, Sulu archipelago. On the other hand, they were able to put the Visayas and Luzon islands under their control.

 

4. Despite its being not subjugated fully by the Spaniards, the whole Mindanao was included in the Treaty of Paris of 1898 when they sold the Philippines  to the Americans  at the sum of $2million. With that deal, the Americans felt it their obligation to put the whole archipelago under their control. It was during McKinley that the Homestead Act was enacted, encouraging Filipinos from the Visayas and Luzon to settle in Mindanao, dubbed “Land of Promise”, where they could cultivate and eventually own up to 24 hectares of land.

 

5. Under the Republic, Presidents Manuel A. Roxas and Elpidio Quirino continued the occupation of Mindanao by Filipinos from the north. In 1950, by virtue of National Land Settlement Administration (NLSA), 8,300 families swelled the already settled 9,172 families from 1918 to 1939.

 

6. When the NLSA was abolished, the resettlement program was continued by President Ramon Magsaysay under different programs, such as, Land Settlement and Development Corporation and National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA). More families numbering to 22,500 were moved to Mindanao from 1950 to 1963, and 30,444 more until 1975. It was during the administration of President Magsaysay that a pocket rebellion in Luuk, Sulu, led by Hajji Kamlon was checked.

 

7. In 1968, the Moros were united by the notorious Jabidah massacre which involved the slaughter of young Muslims recruited by the military to undergo a secret training in Corregidor. This was in preparation for the attack  and eventual  occupation of Sabah. An alleged mutiny by the recruits ensued after finding out their mission and which eventually led to their massacre.

 

8. In early 70s, there was an outbreak of Muslim rebellion led by Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) founded by Nur Misuari. The number of sympathizers and active members grew in number from 1970 to 1972. When the Martial Law was imposed in September 1972, they openly rose in arms. In 1975, Misuari and his top aides fled to Libya to seek protection from Col. Muammar Khaddafy. With Misuari out of the country, there was momentary peace in the country, although, the danger was still lurking. Marcos sought all possible means to bring peace to Mindanao even going to the extent of sending Imelda Marcos to Libya to forge a peace agreement with Misuari  and with Khadaffy mediating.

 

9. In December 23, 1976, the Tripoli Agreement was signed. It was a cease-fire agreement which virtually silenced the guns of the rebels in Mindanao and immobilized Misuari in Libya whose objective was rejected by most of the provinces that should have comprised the Bangsa Moro, in a plebiscite held on April 17, 1977. Out of the 13 provinces, only 4 voted to join the autonomous region – Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-tawi. The 13 provinces that supposed to have comprised the Bangsa Moro are Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-tawi, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte, North Cotabato, Maguindanao, Sultan Kudarat, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato and Palawan. In other words,  the result of the plebiscite, put the dream of Misuari for a Bangsa Moro to rest.

 

10. When Mrs. Corazon Cojuangco Aquino was swept to power, thanks to the “People Power”, she paved the way for “reconciliation” by being considerate to the forces that were anti-Marcos. It was perhaps, her way of showing that she belonged to their fold. As one of the official acts, she invited Nur Misuari to return to the Philippines. The mission was carried by her brother in law, Agapito “Butz” Aquino and Aquilino “Nene” Pimentel. In their enthusiasm, they forgot about the Tripoli Agreement signed in 1976 and the rejection plebiscite which followed a year after, resulting to a comfortable peace in the contested southern island. 

 

11. When Misuari came back to the Philippines, he was warmly welcomed by his colleagues in the University of the Philippines where he had a stint as a professor. The same warm welcome was accorded to him by his province mates and other groups who espouse reconciliation. With such seemingly support shown by sympathizers, he began to campaign again for the same advocacy – secession of Mindanao from the Republic. The Cory administration was caught flatfooted without any option. His aggressiveness resulted to pockets of skirmishes between the MNLF splintered bands and the government forces. The invitation for Misuari to come home gave the Cory administration a big black eye.

 

12. For the next 10 years since the time he came home, Misuari defiantly carried on his cause until the administration of President Fidel Ramos. On September 2, 1996, a peace agreement was signed in Malacanang between Ramos and Misuari. The Southern Philippines Council for Peace and Development (SPCPD) was created to be manned mainly by MNLF under Misuari. The Council was the brainchild of the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP). The Council shall oversee a 3-year transition period for the almost absolute autonomy in the Special Zone of Peace and Developemtn (SZOPAD). But the big question is: Why did the SZOPAD still include all the 13 provinces stipulated in the Tripoli Agreement, of which ONLY 4 showed their consent to join the autonomous region, in a plebiscite conducted in April 17, 1977, a year after the Tripoli Agreement was signed?

 

13. In a purportedly rigged balloting, Misuari was elected as Governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARRM), as a desperate effort to qualify his  leadership over the region. The region was allocated a big budget. Unfortunately when the transition came to a close with the ascension of the new President, Noynoy Aquino, the accomplishment report of Misuari did not show much as expected. His dismal performance showed his weak leadership. A new governor took over.

 

14. Lately, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), a breakaway chunk from the MNLF is gaining ground as the representative of the Moro land. Secession is out of their agenda. Their advocacy is integration and cooperation with the government. The new government under Noynoy Aquino forged with the group a Memorandum of Agreement that paved the way for the final one which is being discussed until now.  On the other hand, the MNLF has been further segmented into several factions, one of which is led by Misuari, a clear indication that even within the MNLF organization, he is no longer a recognized overall leader of the movement that he, himself founded.

 

It is in the light of the present situation that the unfortunate skirmishes between the MNLF-Misuari faction and the government forces took place in Zamboanga for two weeks that began on the third week of September, rendering thousands of residents homeless, and the local government lose millions of pesos in revenue.

 

It is now alleged that a big portion of the contested region in Mindanao is no longer Muslim-dominated. The issue therefore is no longer about religion and culture. Other issues have been brought to light. Accordingly, the biggest oil deposit in Asia is found in Mindanao.  This could be the reason why the British Petroleum, the Malaysian Petronas, and American oil firms set up offices in Palawan and Mindanao. Aside from oil, Mindanao has vast deposits of iron, reputed to be the largest in the world, gold, silver, copper, nickel and chrome. Despite uncontrolled logging, a great part of Mindanao is still greened with forests. Just recently, a controversial discovery is added to the list of Mindanao’s wealth – deuterium which is a heavy water  that could give leaps to the energy-related industry, as it could make engines run. It is supposed to be found off the northeastern deep of Surigao provinces.

 

In a recent interview on TV, while the skirmishes in Zamboanga were still ongoing, Deles a government representative in the peace talks with MILF said candidly that the government is planning to talk with MNLF. …

 

This same Deles did not give a coherent answer when she was interviewed on TV by Winnie Monsod and asked what the government will do if MILF will do a drastic move because MNLF is again invited to the table of negotiation. The two groups are practically different in their views.

 

To where will our naïve and obstinate ignorance lead us?