FEARS

FEARS
By Apolinario Villalobos

The vastness of science of Psychology is such that it has practically covered all facets of man’s emotion. The science has tried to uncover the unexplained feelings which were generally classified before only as contrasting manifestations. The most popular among the subjects for discussion within the scope of Psychology are the phobias or fears of man. It is interesting to note however, that the “phobia” as a scientific term was used only since 1801.

Here are some of the common phobias to help you identify which apply to yours:

Acerophobia -sourness
Ailourophobia -cats
Akousticophobia -sound
Algophobia -pain
Altophobia -heights
Amatophobia -dust
Ancraophobia -wind
Androphobia -men
Anginophobia -narrowness
Anthropophobia -human beings
Antlophobia -flood
Apiphobia -bees
Arachnophobia -spiders
Astraphobia -lightning
Atelophobia -imperfection
Baciliphobia -microbes
Barophobia -gravitiy
Bathophobia -depth
Batophobia -walking
Batrachophobia -reptiles
Balonephobia -needles
Bibliophobia -books
Brontophobia -thunder
Carcinophobia -cancer
Cardiophobia -heart condition
Cheimatophobia -cold
Chaetophobia -hair
Chionophobia -snow
Chromophobia -color
Claustrophobia -enclosed places
Clinophobia -going to bed
Coprophobia -feces (human waste)
Cryophobia -frost, ice
Crystallophobia -crystals
Cynophobia -dogs
Demophobia -crowds
Demonophobia -demons
Dendrophobia -trees
Dikephobia -justice
Eisotrophobia -mirrors
Elektrophobia -electricity
Eleutherophobia -freedom
Enetephobia -pins
Entomophobia -insects
Eremitophobia -solitude, loneliness
Ergophobia -work
Gametophobia -marriage
Genophobia -sex
Graphophobia -writing
Gymnophobia -nudity
Gynophobia -women
Hedonophobia -pleasure
Hematophobia -blood
Hydrophobia -water (used also in rabies)
Hypeglaphobia -responsibility
Hypnophobia -sleep
Hypsophobia -high place
Ideophobia -ideas
Kakorraphiaphobia -failure
Katagelophobia -ridicule
Kinesophobia -motion
Koniphobia -dust
Logophobia -words
Metallophobia -metals
Musicophobia -music
Mysophobia -dirt
Necrophobia -corpses
Nelophobia -glass
Neophobia -anything new
Nephophobia -clouds
Nosophobia -disease
Nyctophobia -darkness
Ochophobia -vehicles
Odontophobia -teeth
Oikophobia -home
Olfactophobia -smell
Oneitrophobia -dreams
Ophiophobia -snakes
Ornithophobia -birds
Ouranophobia -heaven
Panphobia -everything
Parthenophobia -young girls
Pediculophobia -lice
Peniaphobia -poverty
Pharmacophobia -drugs
Phasmophobia -ghosts
Phonophobia -speaking aloud
Photophobia -strong light
Pogonophobia -beards
Pteronophobia -feathers
Satanophobia -satan
Sciophobia -shadows
Selaphobia -flashes
Siderophobia -stars
Sitophobia -food
Spermophobia -germs
Stygiophobia -hell
Tachophobia -speed
Teratophobia -monsters
Thaasophobia -sitting idle
Thalassophobia -sea
Thanatophobia -death
Thermophobia -heat
Tocophobia -childbirth
Toxiphobia -poison
Traumatophobia -wound or injury
Tremophobia -trembling
Trypanophobia -inoculation
Zoophobia -animals

Anglophobia -England or things English
Gallophobia -France or anything French
Germanophobia -Germany or anything German
Negrophobia -Negroes
Russophobia -Russia or anything Russian
Sinophobia -China or anything Chinese
Xenophobia or
zenophobia -foreigner

Trivia: Inventions and their Inventions

Trivia: Inventions and their Inventors
By Apolinario Villalobos

Since I was in elementary, I had been fascinated by inventions and archaeology….and, anything about nature. I recalled having a collection of small rocks, and pretended that they were precious stones. I was also fond of making things out of found objects such as sardine cans, lead seal of postal bags that I collected from the dump at the back of the municipal building, copper wires, etc. I also recalled staying out of our house till late, gazing at the stars much to the consternation of my elder sister.

As I grew older, I developed a habit of saving the information that I encountered in my readings. What I would like to share in this blog is a list of inventions and their respective inventor, including the year they did it. Currently, with the onset of high technology, new and amazing inventions continuously flood the market, but which I purposely did not include due to their voluminous number. The following are just the common items that we are familiar with, some of which are even part of our daily life:

Adding Machine -1642, by Blaise Pascal; but the commercial type was by William
Burroughs in 1885

Automobile -steam-fueled, in 1769 by Nicolas Cugnot; gasoline-fueled, in 1855 by Karl
Benz; earliest internal combustion, 1862 by Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir;
first powered hand-cart with internal combustion engine, in 1864 by
Siegfried Marcus

Ballpoint pen -1888, by John Loud

Barbed wire -1873, by Joseph Glidden

Cash Register -1879, by James Ritty

Cellophane -1900, by J. E. Brandenberger

Cement -1824, by Joseph Aspdin

Clock (mechanical) -728, by I-Hsing and Liang Ling-Tsan

Clock (pendulum) -1657, by Christian Huygens

Diesel engine -1895, by Rudolf Diesel

Electric flat iron -1882, by H. W. Seeley

Electric lamp -1879, by Thomas Alva Edison

Electric Motor -1873, by Zenobe Gramme

Electronic Computer -1942, by J.G. Brainerd, J.P. Eckert, and J.W. Mauchly

Elevator -1852, by Elisha G. Otis

Film (musical) -1923, by Dr. Lee de Forest

Film (talking) -1926, by Wagner Bros.

Fountain pen -1884, by Lewis E. Waterman

Generator -1860, Piccinoti

Loudspeaker -1924, by Rice-Kellogg

Machine Gun -1861, by Richard Gatling

Microphone -1876, by Alexander Graham Bell

Microscope -1590, by Zacharias Jannsen

Motorcycle -1884, by Edward Butler

Motor scooter -1919, by Greville Bradshaw

Nylon -1937, by Dr. Wallace G. Carothers

Parachute -1797, by Andre-Jacques Garnerin

Phonograph -1878, by Thomas Alva Edison

Photography -(on metal) 1826, by Nicephone Niepce

Photography -(on paper) 1835, by W.H. Fox Talbot

Photography -(on film) 1888, by John Carbutt; Kodak, August 1888, by George Eastman

Printing -(hand printing) 868, in India; (press type) 1455, by Johan zu Gutenberg;
(rotary type) 1846, by Richard Hoe

Radar -1922, by Dr. Albert H. Taylor and Leo C. Young

Razor (electric) -1931, by Sir Joseph Schick

Razor (safety) -1895, by King C. Gillette

Record (long playing) -1948, by Dr. Peter Goldmark

Refrigerator -1851, by James Harrison

Revolver -1835, by Samuel Colt

Safety pin -1849, by William Hunt

Sewing machine -1851, by Isaac M. Singer

Stethoscope -1837, by Dr. William Stokes

Submarine -1776, by David Bushnell

Telegraph -1837, by Sir William Cooke, C. Wheatstone, and Eustone Camden Town

Telegraph Code -1837, by Samuel F. B. Morse

Telephone -(scientific toy) 1861, by M. Philip Reis

Telephone -(practical use) 1876, by Alexander Graham Bell

Telescope -1608, by Hans Lippershey

Television -1926, by John Logie Baird

Watch -(self-winding) 1791, by Abraham-Louise Breguet

X-ray -1895, by Wilhelm von Rontgen

How I wish, somebody could compress into one capsule the complete nutritious food that one needs for the whole week…or for a start, even just for one day!…better than the kind which the space explorers take when they undertake a long voyage.

Philippine Center for the Arts and Sciences

Philippine Center for the Arts and Sciences

…a suggestion

By Apolinario Villalobos

Being a third world country, the Philippines’ only other resources aside from the natural endowments such minerals, wildlife, forests, marine life, and rich agricultural land, that it can be proud of, are the people – the talented Filipinos. It is a shame that the human resources are treated only as some kind of an exportable “commodity” in the form of labor. There is dignity in labor, but there are more that the Filipinos can do other than work in hospitals, hotels, construction sites and homes in foreign countries. The Filipinos are oozing with talents, but unfortunately, are not supported by the government.

Filipino talents in the fields of invention, literary and music are relegated on the sidelines. Singing contests in village fiestas, TV programs and those organized by private entities bring out world-class singers, but after the announcement of their winning and limited appearance in TV shows, nothing is heard about them. The popular adage is about the need for the Filipino singers to go to other countries to be able to earn recognition that they deserve.

There is the so-called National Institute of Science of Technology (NIST), the government agency that is supposed to be charged with responsibilities on Filipino inventions. It seems that even in the issuance of patent, the agency is lagging. The Filipinos know of inventions only through the media, when resourceful researchers of TV programs are able to scour the countryside for low-profile inventors. Most often, these inventors confess that they have gone to the NIST but outright, they get the feeling of being inadequate due to so many requirements. The standard alibi of the NIST is that they need to check the inventions’ authenticity before they can be recognized, but how long will it take them to do it? Additionally, they also mention the lack of budget!

Also, the inventions are brought to the attention of the consumers only during exhibits which charge high entrance fees to the interested public, and exorbitant charges for inventors who would like to participate. And, to think that these exhibits and shows are supposed to be “sponsored” by the mentioned government agency in cooperation with the inventors’ organization. The NIST should sustain the expenses, as the event is held only once a year. It will not cost the NIST millions of pesos to shoulder the rent for a venue.

The local market is flooded with gadgets from other countries, especially, China, and these are gadgets that can be manufactured locally. So many times, the media expose local inventions that are supposed to curb expenses on electricity, as well as, fuel consumption, even nature-friendly insecticides, and many more. Unfortunately, these inventions are just showcased, waiting for the government support! And, sadly, some of them end up in other countries for mass-production to be brought back to the Philippines as finished products bearing foreign sounding brand names.

Filipino literary artists also suffer from government neglect and utter lack of support. While colleges and universities offer mass communication courses, the graduates are left to fend for themselves after graduation, with most talented writers ending up as clerks in offices. I once talked to the former Director of the National Library of the Philippines, Ms. Nani Cruz, who confided that the institution, for long, has been in dire need of Filipino-authored books. That was more than five years ago. Today, not only is the National Library of the Philippines STILL wanting for the said kind of books but even the bookstores are showing their lack of concern by preferring imported books – best sellers in countries where they come from! These book outlets gladly and proudly announce arrival of foreign authors for book signing!

My suggestion is for the government to expand the scope of NIST’s responsibilities by adding the aspect of permanent showcasing of inventions, be they with issued or pended patent. This can be done by moving the said agency to a big facility complete with equipment for testing and a showroom- a one-stop shop of sort, located in an area accessible to the consumers and patent buyers/manufacturers. The facility should also accommodate those that concern literary and music. It should be a complex that aspiring artists can visit, not only for copyrighting of their works but also for marketing purposes. It should also include audio-video recording facilities. The Copyright office should be based in this center. It should also provide office spaces for organizations that cater to the development of artistic talents of Filipinos. It is suggested that this complex be called “The Philippine Center for the Arts and Sciences”.

If the former President Ferdinand Marcos turned dictator, was able to build hospitals and research institutes for the heart, kidney and the lungs, additional building complex for the Philippine General Hospital, a vast complex that includes Cultural Center of the Philippines, Folk Arts Theater, Philippine International Convention Center, Coconut Palace, and Philippine Trade and Exhibition Center, why can’t the current government build what is being suggested – the Philippine Center for the Arts and Sciences?

If Pnoy Aquino would really want to be remembered, this, he should do. He should stop warbling about “reforms” for there is nothing that needed to be reformed. He has done NOTHING YET! What he meant could be the “eradication” of corruption which has just gone from worse to worst! He even refuses to acknowledge the fact that some of his trusted guys are not “clean”…hinging his support to them on the premise that unless they are proven guilty in court, they are innocent of any guilt. How can they be investigated when he, himself, is insinuating that they are innocent? He should stop talking about reforms because the inadequacies of his administration just add up to neck-deep atrocities already committed by past administrations. If he wants to leave a legacy, it should be tangible enough to be seen and remembered…and this is it, the Philippine Center for the Arts and Sciences.