The “Bisaya” as a Generic Reference

The “Bisaya” as a Generic Reference

By Apolinario Villalobos


An extensive dissertation on the prominent dialects of the Filipinos who are distributed throughout the archipelago would require a thick wad of papers or hundreds of e-page on the computer screen. By prominence, I mean those that are popularly used by Filipinos, based on the density of population of users in certain provinces. Outstanding among these dialects are the Tagalog, Ilocano, Ibanag, Pangasinense, Kapampangan, Hiligaynon, Karay-a, Bikol, Romblomanon, Akyanon, Bol-anon, Waray-waray, Leytenyo, Palawenyo, Surigaonon, Maranao, Iranon, Tausug, and Chavacano. There might be some that I forgot, hency, I am encouraging viewers to mention in their comment so that this blog can appropriately be updated. But, a unique and generic reference to the different dialects of the Visayan region, such as Waray-waray, Leytenyo, Hiligaynon, Bol-anon, Surigaonon, Karay-a, Akyanon (Aklan), Davawenyo and Cebuano, is simply, “Bisaya”. Such reference is also used to those who come from the said region.


This practice has been in use ever since the Filipinos began to develop regionalistic propensity. The same impression has also been deeply stamped in the consciousness of Filipinos, especially, those in Luzon, such that, if one is from the south, hence, not “Tagalog”, he or she is a “Bisaya”, without any specific distinction on a particular province of origin.


A problem ensued when the “Bisaya” is viewed by those from Luzon as an inferior class of Filipinos to the point of their being ridiculed. In this regard, the affected who are studying in Manila, for instance, try their best to camouflage their regional identity, but their thick accent and vocabulary betray them. To remedy the situation, they resort to speaking in English which they know by heart, but which unfortunately result to their being viewed as snooty and trying-hard classy.


With the election of Duterte as the new president of the Philippines, the negative impression on the “Bisaya” is hoped to be eradicated. The new president does not hesitate in speaking “Bisaya” every time he has an opportunity. So far, it has done good to the vocabulary of the Filipinos in general as they began to pick up “Bisaya” expressions from him, including some which for others may sound vulgar such as “bigằ-bigằ”, “biga-on”, “piyaet” (confess/ pumiyok) that he unconsciously let go without any malicious intent. “Bigằ” is usually said without any malice by the Bisaya, the closest equivalent of which is “landỉ” that Tagalogs speak with disgust. The “Bisaya” dialect of Davao, as the rest of Bisaya-speaking provinces, is rooted in the “Bisaya” dialect of Cebu.


Ang Pagpapadali ng mga Transaksiyon sa Gobyerno ay may Batas na pala, pero Bakit Hindi Napapatupad?

Ang Pagpapadali ng Mga Transaksiyon sa Gobyerno

ay May Batas na pala pero Bakit Hindi Napapatupad?

Ni Apolinario Villalobos



Sa isang interview sa Director ng Civil Service Commission (CSC) ay sinabi nito na may batas na daw para sa pagpapadali ng mga transaksyon sa gobyerno, pero napansin kong kahit wala ngang lunch break, ay wala namang Customer Assistance Desk o Counter sa LAHAT ng mga ahensiya. Kung may “information desk” man, ang nakaupo ay hindi empleyado ng ahensiya kundi guwardiya na namimigay  din ng mga forms. Samantala, kung umasta naman ang ibang mga empleyado ay animo mga “boss”….hindi malapitan upang matanong.


Sa interview sa hepe ng CSC, nagpapakalat daw sila ng mga “mystery shoppers” sa mga ahensiya upang palihim na mangalap ng mga impormasyon tungkol sa hindi mabuting pakikiharap ng mga empleyado, pero bakit tila wala pa ring nangyayaring pagbabago kung matagal na pala nilang ginagawa? …at, may naparusahan na ba sila kung mayroon mang nahuli, dahil hindi talaga maaaring wala? …nangako pa ang hepe na ilalathala daw nila ang resulta…AWWW, COME ON!!!


Dapat ang repasuhin ng CSC ay ang mga patakaran o mga provision sa Civil Service Code para sa agarang pagdisiplina ng mga mayayabang at pala-absent na mga empleyado. Maliwanag naman na ang problema sa serbisyo nila ay mga taong nasa bandang “ibaba”….mga empleyadong clerk pa lang ay mahahaba na ang sungay! Kahit ilang beses pang magpalit ng hepe kung palpak naman ang performance ng mga nasa counter ay wala ring mangyayaring pagbabago. Ibig sabihin, ang problema ng mga ahensiya ng gobyerno ay “systemic” o naka-ugat sa buong sistema dahil hindi naipatutupad ang mga dapat ipatupad na lalong pinalala ng mahinang leadership.


Sa interview naman sa isang taga-Land Transportation Office (LTO), ang mga sagot sa nagtanong na taga-radyo ay PURO MAGAGANDA rin dahil may mga batas na rin pala, lalo na ang tungkol sa mga fixer. Pero, ang tanong pa rin….hanggang salita na lang ba ang mga taga-LTO? Araw-araw, ang mga fixers ay nakikita sa loob at labas ng opisina at animo ay mga empleyado kung kumilos, pero bakit kailangan pang hintaying magmura si Duterte upang “kunwari” ay kumilos ang mga opisyal ng nasabing ahensiya?


Ang dalawang nabanggit na mga ahensiya ay ilan lang sa mga hindi kasiya-siya ang performance. Masama mang banggitin ay hindi maiiwasang sabihin na LAHAT ng mga ahensiya ay nangangailangan ng PAGBABAGO NANG PERMANENTE, HINDI NINGAS-KUGON!



Cut Corners!…among the marching orders of President Duterte to the Agency Chiefs

CUT CORNERS!…among the “marching orders”

of President Duterte to the Agency Chiefs

by Apolinario Villalobos



The new president, Rodrigo R. Duterte was touched by the scene of throngs of people who slept on the pavement outside the office of the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) in Ecoland, Davao City. According to him, they came from as far as the towns of the Cotabato provinces. They had to stay overnight in the makeshift waiting area so as not to lose their place in the line as the office opens the following day. He was shocked to see such a pathetic scene for he cannot fathom how the tax payers can be made to suffer from the inefficiency of the office resulting to backlogs. Lack of high tech facilities such as computer units, is not a reason, as the agency is supposed to be constantly requiring support to make their operation efficient.


During his inaugural speech, he emphasized his order to facilitate the processing of documents by doing away with the redundant requirements including unnecessary signatures. These have been the burden of the taxpayers who are made to return so many times for certain requirements that are not necessary. Worst is the pending their documents due to the absence of “unnecessary signatories”. The delay, as a result, has also been perceived as a ploy of the attending employees to insinuate the need for “grease money”, which is really very bad for the image of the government.


What makes the situation worse is the attitude of many agency employees who act with arrogance while dealing with their clients. Many of them do not exert extra effort to put the clients at ease, whose need for the required documents are crucial. I had this experience when attended to by an SSS counter employee. While I was about to ask another question, she called the next number. At another government agency, specifically, the Philippine Statistics Office, instead of answering my questions, the attending employee kept on repeating their rule as if I was deaf. In that agency, I was assisted by a security guard who was more helpful.


This systemic defect can be perceived in other agencies, not only the DFA in Davao City.


Hopefully, the cutting of corners policy will also result to the cutting of horns of the government employees with devilish, vicious attitude, as if they are the boss of the tax payers!