Photography: Wildlife Crossings

e MORFES

Wildlife crossings are structures that allow animals to cross human-made barriers safely. They may include: underpass tunnels, viaducts, and overpasses (mainly for large or herd-type animals), fish ladders and green roofs (for butterflies and birds). Wildlife crossings are a practice in habitat conservation, allowing connections or re-connections between habitats, combating habitat fragmentation. They also assist in avoiding collisions between vehicles and animals, which in addition to killing or injuring wildlife may cause injury to humans and property damage.

Wildlife Overpass, Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada. (Image source)

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Hayaan natin ang mga Kababayang Iba ang Relihiyon

Hayaan natin ang mga Kababayang Iba ang Relihiyon

Ni Apolinario Villalobos

Maselang usapin ang relihiyon, personal itong bagay, may pagka-ispiritwal at may kinalaman sa pagkatao. Wala tayong karapatang manglait ng ibang relihiyon na sa tingin natin ay pangit ang  sistema dahil naiiba sa atin. Ang hindi natin alam, baka ganoon din ang tingin ng ibang tao sa relihiyon natin. Hindi kayang pangibabawan ng anumang uri ng simbahan o relihiyon ang likas nang nakaukit sa pusong pagmamahal sa Diyos na pinaniniwalaan ng bawa’t isa, ganoon din ang pagmamahal sa kapwa.

Respeto ang dapat nating pairalin kung gusto natin ay pagkakaisa bilang mga Pilipino. Dapat isipin na nakagisnan na lamang natin ang mga relihiyon na ating sinusunod o iba pang nililipatan, na isa sa mga dahilan kung bakit tayo nagkakawatak-watak ngayon bilang isang lahi. Hindi nakakamatay ang mga salitang binibitawan ng mga nagmamagaling na sila lang ang may karapatang makakaligtas sa araw ng paghukom. Hindi rin nakakamatay ang mga sinasabing pagkukunwari ang pinapakita ng iba na sila ay maka-Diyos kaya araw-araw nagdadasal o walang palya ang pagsamba. Hayaan nating mapaos ang mga nagsasalita dahil hindi naman tayo hihimatayin, maliban lamang kung magtapat sila sa ating tenga ng loudspeaker!

Mas maganda sanang sa halip na tingnan natin ang mga pagkakaiba ng mga relihiyon, tumingin tayo sa mga pangangailangan ng LAHAT ng tao na dahil sa kakapusan, madalas na mga resulta ay gutom at sakit. Ang mga pagkakaiba ng mga relihiyon ay gawa lamang ng mga taong nagtatag sa mga ito, mga taong may pansariling pakay kaya gusto nilang dumami ang kanilang nasasakupan.

Ang gutom at sakit ay walang pinipiling hanay. Nadadanasan sila ng LAHAT ng tao, ano man ang relihiyon nila. Bakit hindi ito ang pagtuunan natin ng ating pansin, at hindi ang mga problema ng mga relihiyon nila na ang dahilan ay hindi pagkakaunawaan ng kanilang mga pinuno na ang hangad ay walang katapusang kapangyarihan?

How the American Parity Rights Provision was inserted in the Philippine Constitution…and who opposed it

How the American Parity Rights

Provision was inserted in the Philippine Constitution

…and who opposed it

By Apolinario Villalobos

The Parity Rights of the Americans was inserted in the Philippine Constitution when Manuel Roxas became the first President of the Philippine Republic in 1946. The said provision gave equal rights to the Americans in the exploitation of the country’s natural resources as well as other business undertakings. In explaining to the Filipinos at Plaza Miranda on March 11, 1947, he said:

“We have today our one big chance to convert our native land into an ideal of democracy. Our one chance is to grow and industrialize to reach the first rank of the nations of the world. We have this chance because of the heroism we displayed in the war, we have this chance because we have demonstrated by deed our love for freedom. We have earned the gratitude of mankind. We can and will show tomorrow that we deserve that gratitude by plunging courageously ahead in the great tasks we face.”

Because of that provision in the Philippine Constitution, the first President of the Republic of the Philippines practically, bound the Filipinos AGAIN to emancipation, this time to Americans.

History teachers never enlightened their students as to who opposed the “emancipation” as only few lines about it were devoted to these “true stalwarts” of Philippine democracy. Among these were Claro M. Recto and Jose P. Laurel who never budged from their commitment to defend the Philippine Constitution. They were joined by Luis Taruc and other elected congressmen who belonged to the Democratic Alliance, whose members were non-collaborators during the WWII, intellectuals and peasants.

The Democratic group posed as hindrance to the passage of the Parity Rights Law which shall alter the Philippine Constitution. With their number, the administration of Roxas feared that the needed three-fourths vote will not be achieved. With the prompting of President Roxas, Congress passed a resolution unseating Taruc and the other members of the Democratic Alliance. The move was based on their alleged electoral frauds and terrorism “committed by Hukbalahaps in Central Luzon which resulted in the election of the six candidates of the Democratic Alliance and one Nacionalista. With them out, the Parity Rights Law was successfully integrated in the Constitution.

The years that followed saw the Filipinos sinking deeper in the muck of poverty, contrary to what Roxas dreamed of prosperity for the whole nation. He was a “dreamy” President whose oratorical promises remained promises until his death.

Today, there is another Roxas who delivers the same kind of promises…although, this time, he “dreams” about the promises of the “tuwid na daan” (straight path) of his mentor, President Pnoy Aquino, son of the former Senator Ninoy Aquino. History, indeed, repeats itself!